Climate, Eco, & Geo Diversity

Climate of Panama

  • Panama’s tropical climate has two seasons, one dry and one rainy. The variations depend on the region and the altitude.
  • The Caribbean Coast has more rain year-round, while the Pacific Coast has a more pronounced dry season.
  • The Azuero Peninsula has an very dry climate during the summer season (December-April).
  • The mountains in Panama get abundant rain during the wet season.
  • The wet season lasts from May to November and is considered winter in Panama. The winter time in Panama, unlike winter other places in the world is incredibly verdant and rich.
  • There are less visitors in Panama during the winter (May-November) and prices are generally lower for flights and hotels.
  • The summer (dry season), lasts from December to April, with March and April ordinarilly being the warmest months.
  • The variations in the temperature are linked to altitude in Panama. The temperatures on the Coast regularly reach 95°F (35°C). The temperature drops 34°F (1°C) for every 150 meters (nearly 500 feet).
  • To avoid hot and humid weather in Panama you will want to travel to the cooler mountainous regions like El Valle, Boquete, Volcan and Cerro Azul.

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Panama Ecology

  • Panama is world known for it’s ecological diversity, whether it be in plant or in animal life.
  • Since Panama is situated in between Central America and South America it has a unique blend of plants, herbs, vegetables, and tropical fruits.
  • Ecologically, Panama serves as the only land corridor for rare species of birds and other species that migrate between North and South America making bird watching a very popular tourist attraction with over 900 species of birds to find.
  • With over 10,000 species of vascular plants, Panama has an incredibly diverse ecosystem upon which neighboring systems rely.
  • There are over 1500 Orchids species in Panama.
  • The Smithsonian Institution has found Panama as their location for their Institute of Tropical Research.

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Geographical Diversity of Panama

  • Panama has some of the most dense rain forests in the world.
  • Panama’s beaches are usually underpopulated with tourists and sometimes you might be the only one on the beach.
  • In Panama, you’ll fine several mountains where you can see both the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Ocean.
  • Panama offers some of the best whitewater rafting and deep-sea sport fishing in the world with their fresh water rivers and the Pacific Ocean.
  • There are more than 1,500 islands off Panama’s coast with crystal clear waters, many of which offer snorkeling and diving opportunities.
  • Surfers like to go to Playa Santa Catalina, where it’s not uncommon to find 10-foot waves. Santa Catalina also the location of surfing competitions.
  • In Panama’s 12 national parks you can see sea turtles, crocodiles, pumas, and jaguars, just to name a few of the native species.
  • Panama is situated between 77° and 83° west longitudes and 7° and 10° north latitudes.
  • Panama covers a total land area of 77,082 square kilometers. The greatest width of Panama is 177 kilometers and it stretches 772 kilometers in length.
  • Panama’s neighboring countries are Costa Rica and Colombia.
  • The Republic of Panama is divided into 9 provinces.
  • The highest point of Panama is Volcan Baru which is known to be a dormant volcano and the tallest mountain in Panama at about 11,000 feet high.

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